Requirements for Minor Children Traveling to Canada: A Comprehensive Guide

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Written By mostafizur

Traveling to Canada with minor children requires careful preparation to ensure compliance with Canadian immigration laws. Whether children are traveling alone, with one parent, requirements for minor children travelling to canada, specific documentation and procedures must be followed to ensure a smooth entry into the country. This article outlines the requirements for minor children traveling to Canada, providing essential information for parents and guardians.

Definition of a Minor Child

In Canada, a minor child is defined as anyone under the age of 18 in the provinces of Alberta, Manitoba, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, and Saskatchewan, and under the age of 19 in the remaining provinces and territories.

General Documentation Requirements

1. Passport

Every minor child must have their own valid passport. Ensure that the passport is up-to-date and will not expire during the intended stay in Canada.

2. Visa or Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA)

Depending on the child’s nationality, they may require a visa or an eTA to enter Canada:

  • Visa: Required for citizens of countries that need a visa to enter Canada.
  • eTA: Required for visa-exempt foreign nationals traveling to Canada by air. The eTA must be linked to the child’s passport.

3. Birth Certificate

A copy of the child’s birth certificate should be carried, showing the names of both parents.

4. Consent Letter

A consent letter is required in situations where the child is traveling without one or both parents. The letter should include:

  • The full name, address, and contact information of the parents or legal guardians.
  • Detailed travel itinerary, including dates of travel, destinations, and accommodation information.
  • Information about the accompanying adult (if applicable), including their relationship to the child.
  • A statement of consent from the non-accompanying parent(s) or legal guardian(s), with their full name and signature.

It is recommended to have the consent letter notarized for added authenticity.

Additional Requirements Based on Travel Scenarios

Traveling Alone

If a minor child is traveling alone, the following additional requirements may apply:

  • Letter of Consent: A notarized letter from both parents or legal guardians authorizing the travel.
  • Contact Information: Details of the person meeting the child in Canada and proof of their relationship to the child.
  • Custody Documents: If applicable, proof of custody or legal guardianship.

Traveling with One Parent

When a minor child is traveling with only one parent, the following documentation is required:

  • Consent Letter: A notarized letter from the non-accompanying parent giving permission for the child to travel.
  • Custody Documents: If applicable, a court order or custody agreement confirming the accompanying parent’s custody rights.

Traveling with a Guardian or Relative

If a minor child is traveling with a guardian or relative, ensure the following:

  • Consent Letter: Notarized consent letters from both parents or legal guardians authorizing the travel.
  • Proof of Relationship: Documents establishing the guardian’s or relative’s relationship to the child.

Traveling for School or Medical Reasons

For minor children traveling to Canada for school or medical reasons:

  • School Enrollment Letter: Confirmation of enrollment from the Canadian school, including details of the program and duration.
  • Medical Treatment Letter: A letter from the medical facility in Canada detailing the treatment plan and duration.

Immigration Examination

Upon arrival in Canada, minor children may be subject to an immigration examination. Immigration officers may request to see all documentation and ask questions to verify the child’s identity and travel purpose. Ensure that the child and accompanying adult(s) are prepared to answer questions and present all required documents.

Tips for Smooth Travel

  1. Prepare Documentation in Advance: Gather and verify all required documents well before the travel date.
  2. Notarize Consent Letters: For added legitimacy, have consent letters notarized.
  3. Organize Documents: Keep all travel documents in an easily accessible and organized manner.
  4. Discuss Travel Plans: Explain the travel plans and procedures to the child to ensure they are comfortable and informed.
  5. Check Airline Policies: Some airlines have specific policies and requirements for unaccompanied minors. Check with the airline beforehand.


Traveling to working in canada with your eta requires thorough preparation and adherence to specific documentation requirements. By understanding the necessary documents and procedures, parents and guardians can ensure a smooth and hassle-free entry into Canada for their children. Proper planning and organization will help avoid potential issues at the border, allowing for a safe and enjoyable travel experience.

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